Usenet Discussion

finally the anti piracy groups who plagued us with take down notices and cease and desist notices have found usenet and all nzb sites flaw all the servers are full of crap url codec posts, al the nzb sites rely on sabnzb or sick beard cutting down on the need for moderators and everything is filling up with fake posts. Each newsgroup contains discussions about a specific topic, indicated in the newsgroup name. Welcome to LinuxQuestions. This category provides general information about Usenet. There are many different companies that offer Usenet services, along with different features and packages. Usenet, or Netnews, is a world-wide distributed discussion system. All of your discussions in one place. VoyForums Announcement: Programming and providing support for this service has been a labor of love since 1997. Online pricing & setup/Configuring Newshostin. News Server Software - DNews internet Intranet nntp news. Usenet is a worldwide information network made up of user generated discussion groups called newsgroups. And Usenet is still growing. Usenet has grown and flourished and in turn serves the needs of those using and developing computer technology. (See also Quaker E-Mail Lists. Request a discussion for the creation of a new newsgroup in 'news. This week marks the end of an era for one of the earliest pieces of Internet history, which got its start at Duke more than 30 years ago. Usenet Discussion Groups: Bionet bionet. Originally, Cuomo's office claimed to have found child pornography on 88 of the 100,000-plus Usenet groups. Korean Job Discussion Forums a one connection download is quite slow. Emoticon: n. Usenet Reviews. When you join or “subscribe” to a listserv (don’t worry, they’re usually free) your email address is put on a list with all the other subscribers. NewsBin Pro is a Usenet NNTP newsreader that downloads and decodes binary file attachments to Usenet posts. Gliderpilot. user, linux. A newsgroup discussion group is also a great self-help product support vehicle for many companies. Usenet has come a long way since their early days as a text-based message board. SuperUser reader Help My Self wants to know what the difference between Usenet and the Internet is: I am quite confused about what exactly Usenet is. In fact, Usenet is the precursor of discussion forums. New to Usenet, have looked at a few recommendations, but with so many providers, I'm in over my head. Usenet’s maturity also means that advanced user inter-faces exist, optimized for reading threaded discussions or streamliningbulkdownloads. Page d'inscription Usenet. Also called a "discussion board" or "discussion group," an Internet forum is similar to an Internet newsgroup (see below), but uses the Web browser for access. Users may create their own discussion topics or contribute to existing threads within a topic. Those discussions can be between 2 people or among a whole group of people. Included with openSUSE are NetNews (nn), InterNetNews (inn), tin, slrn, and suck. Please note we make a distinction between USENET search engines and NZB sites. It supports a scoring system for its filters, and is customizable. We will send you an E-Mail with all further information. It developed from the general purpose UUCP architecture of the same name. Those discussions can be between 2 people or among a whole group of people. It is interesting to read the comments and compare how "internet speak" has changed over the years. These include: comp. Usenet is a worldwide distributed Internet discussion system. Most groups are devoted to text-based discussions, but all of the alt. Usenet began as a newsgroup service to spread information but as the Internet began to grow and data became larger, their purpose began to be more mainstream. Au mois d'octobre 2014 cette hiérarchie compte 311 forums. While today in THE WORLD OF TOMORROW most "discussion" happens on Twitter or in YouTube comments, back in the dark ages all we had was Usenet. Email discussion group members communicate via email, with messages broadcast to all group members. The USENET contains more than 14,000 forums, called newsgroups, that cover every imaginable interest group. The History of USENET. cardiovascular Scientists engaged in cardiovascular research. It has a variety of groups, which are hierarchically named and people can submit articles. 11 Use of the Service, protection of minors, unauthorized use. sci indicates science discussion topics). s allowing users with no NNTP/Usenet access to read and post to r. txt · Last modified: 2010/02/25 00:31 by digitalman Except where otherwise noted, content on this wiki is licensed under the following license: CC Attribution 4. Usenet is a great option if you’re looking for an inexpensive way download a wide variety of files. usenet UseNet refers to a mechanism that supports discussion groups -called newsgroups in the UseNet vocabulary- that allows users from anywhere on the Internet to participate. Best Free Usenet Clients. Usenet Discussion Learn all about usenet. Do this as user, not as root. These free Usenet news readers allow you to connect to NNTP servers to read and post Usenet articles. Usenet is a worldwide distributed Internet discussion system. An "indexer" is a site that allows you to search Usenet and download files. With a web browser, one can view web pages that may contain text, images, videos, and other multimedia and navigate between them via hyperlinks. Google Groups is a service from Google that provides discussion groups for people sharing common interests. On May 20, Duke will shut down its Usenet server, which provides access to a worldwide electronic discussion network of newsgroups started in 1979 by two Duke. Originally set up to allow academics and others in specialized fields to engage in group discussions with their peers across the globe, it has since evolved into an uncensored system of exchanging. The sensor is acousticly tuned to the knock frequency of an engine type so it is important to match engine types. She had a voice like the New Jersey State Anthem played on an electric razor. It was back in 1990 that I set out on a project in memetic engineering. Usenet is the distant but common ancestor of every discussion forum on the internet. Usenet is a worldwide distributed Internet discussion system. steam group usenet discussion groups usenet dgs. To search Harley Hahn's Master List of Usenet Newsgroups by keyword, type one or more words in the search box above and click on the GO button. Thankfully, most have tree trials - some up to 2 or even 3 weeks. German list. behavior’, and vice versa. What exactly is Usenet and how does it provide these things? A bit of history is in order. 000+ Discussion Groups. Each newsgroup contains discussions about a specific topic, indicated in the newsgroup name. ) There are over 100,000 topic groups on Usenet. Apple news, photo galleries, downloads, and discussion forums. news-server-comparison led me to the idea of a low-overhead binary encoding system. Each Usenet server stores the message for a certain period, but the data is not stored. It comprises of a collection of newsgroups that are classified and structured on the basis of subject. You may find people shamelessly self promoting themselves, such as a post by the latest indy underground band in Seattle looking to gain exposure. steam group usenet discussion groups usenet dgs. Our software enables public newsgroup access over NNTP and HTTP as well as private discussion servers. Awareness of Visibility. The Usenet is a large worldwide network which provides an opportunity for those who share common interests to meet and exchange information in a virtual environment. You might also try the University of Chicago Philosophy Project, which offers electronically mediated philosophy discussions. origins is a Usenet newsgroup devoted to the discussion and debate of biological and physical origins. AOL Kills Usenet Access 576 Posted by Hemos on Tuesday January 25, 2005 @12:45PM from the bad-times dept. Features: - Optimized for offline usage, so you can read and write news articles without an internet connection - It's easy and simple to subscribe, manage and read news groups. The Phoenix II runs about $85,000. A forum for discussion of general South Peninsula Schools matters which might be considered "general" and not specifically related to any one school Moderator: Usenet 9. Usenet Newsgroups are quite simply the oldest operating Internet discussion forum platform. Don't bother writing to the perpetrators to point this out; however polite you are you won't get anywhere (one person flashed his Cambridge M. Microplanet Gravity (Windows) This is an open source Usenet news client for Windows. USENET is a vast network of discussion groups that are accessible through an Internet connection's news function (often the Unix command 'rn' or 'news,' or an automatic news browser in a program such as Chameleon, Eudora, or even Netscape). The basic unit is the newsgroup, a threaded discussion devoted to a topic. Usenet discussion is a very broad term, which refers to the conversations that go on between users in the newsgroups. Some are even under active development. enterprise Much like your power of necroposting a thread long considered dead. This term is often confused with forums or blogs, but they are different in many ways. It is a giant, dispersed bulletin board that is maintained by volunteers who provide news and mail feeds to other nodes. (Modern Web browsers and e-mail software typically contain a built-in newsreader,. 9 Case study: analyzing usenet text. Apple may provide or recommend responses as a possible solution based on the information provided; every potential issue may involve several factors not detailed in the conversations captured in an electronic forum and Apple can therefore provide no guarantee as to the. The voting process is handled by a volunteer group, called Usenet Volunteer Votetakers. Newsgroup, Internet-based discussion group, similar to a bulletin board system (BBS), where people post messages concerning whatever topic around which the group is organized. readers, and alt. Almost all of my courses use local USENET news groups, sometimes called discussion groups. Users may create their own discussion topics or contribute to existing threads within a topic. In order to work with Usenet, that user ID must not contain any spaces. Most discussions in the newsgroup center on the creation/evolution controversy, but other topics of discussion include the origin of life, geology, biology, catastrophism, cosmology and theology. The first way students and scientists using ARPANet (early version of the Internet) started sharing their interests and hobbies was to create newsgroups. Hence all the servers have amazing low retention and the article is more focused on bandwidth and # of connections etc. origins is a Usenet newsgroup devoted to the discussion and debate of biological and physical origins. A program that offers easy and lightning fast access to over 60,000 Usenet discussion boards as we Jun 9th 2016, 11:41 GMT. You can use online and email-based groups with Google Groups to: Host discussions and make plans with a team, organization, or social group. The Customer is aware that some content in Usenet may not be suitable for minors. BoyLinks The Internet's most comprehensive listing of boy-related and boylove websites. This is where proponents of the group can agree on a name and charter for the new group. worldwide distributed Internet discussion system. Newsgroup, Internet-based discussion group, similar to a bulletin board system (BBS), where people post messages concerning whatever topic around which the group is organized. One notable difference between a BBS or web forum and Usenet is the absence of a central server and dedicated administrator. Usenet Newsgroups are quite simply the oldest operating Internet discussion forum platform. A Usenet newsgroup is a discussion group within the Usenet system for messages posted by users about a specific topic. Discussion on Usenet. As Usenet grew, it had to evolve to accommodate its millions of users. binary group thing isn't even actually ENFORCED - some servers will ignore images posted to a text group, but many will not, and since Usenet is completely decentralized, there. These include sci. It's often a good idea to choose one of the newsgroups to handle the follow-up discussion, using a "Followup-To" line: Followup-To: alt. On May 20, Duke will shut down its Usenet server, which provides access to a worldwide electronic discussion network of newsgroups started in 1979 by two Duke. The USENET hierarchy contains a number of newsgroups dedicated to the discussion of physics and physics-related topics. "Newsgroups" are actually more like tags on blogs (the single Usenet system) than separate discussion groups. Read our detailed Usenet Newsgroup reviews to compare and enjoy all the advantages of Usenet. Because there was Usenet almost before there were GUIs, many text-based newsreaders are still in use. A Usenet newsgroup is a discussion group within the Usenet system for messages posted by users about a specific topic. Maybe you’ve heard of Usenet discussion groups, which allow users with common interests to communicate online. Usenet posting, WELL conferencing, Internet mailing lists). Using Usenet in the modern day era. Discussions are threaded, as with web forums and BBSes, though posts are stored on the server sequentially. steam group usenet discussion groups usenet dgs. A subscription to XLned offers the following advantages:. polyamory This is a home page for the Usenet newsgroup alt. On May 20, Duke will shut down its Usenet server, which provides access to a worldwide electronic discussion network of newsgroups started in 1979 by two Duke. I suppose I'm late to the party, but what has happened to the usenet version of the Embarcadero forums? Is the https format the only one available now?. worldwide distributed Internet discussion system. By abiding by some simple tenets of respectful conduct, we all gain. cond-matter, sci. Branching is very logical to a programmer's mind but it doesn't correspond to the way conversations take place in the real world. HELLAS Discussions The Hellenic discussion List is a forum for exchange of information about various subjects concerning Greece and Greeks at home or abroad. Our software enables public newsgroup access over NNTP and HTTP as well as private discussion servers. english — discussion of English words, grammar, etymology; alt. Usenet is a distributed network communications system developed specifically for Internet discussions. today announced that it has acquired Deja. Another listing of newsgroups in the. Usenet is a collection of discussion groups, called newsgroups, where people can share information on topics described by the newsgroup name. This is a public forum hosted on news servers worldwide and as such, gliderpilot. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Blogs, short for weblogs, and web-based discussion groups get more attention these days. UseNeXT offers you secure, unfiltered and easy access to Usenet, enabling you to access Discussion Boards in volumes you never even dreamed of. There are now a few Apache HTTP Server Users Mailing Lists available in different languages. This is where the real action is. Unlike the Internet, with which it is frequently confused, the Usenet is a collection of thousands of publicly accessible discussions on a wide range of topics rather than a purely. These text messages were uploaded into the proper subject category. USENET is listed in the World's largest and most authoritative dictionary database of abbreviations and acronyms. Free usenet access accounts. amazon-women/ alt. A great deal of effort and discussion went into creating Usenet. There are over 100,000 topic groups on Usenet. The Usenet is a large worldwide network which provides an opportunity for those who share common interests to meet and exchange information in a virtual environment. particle and alt. An FAQ list is a collection of questions commonly asked on Usenet, together with presumably definitive answers, provided in an attempt to keep repeated questions on the newsgroup down to a low background drone so that discussion can move on to more interesting matters. Usenet groups encompassed a vast variety of topics, fannish ones represented just a fraction. Usenet is not part of the World Wide Web - it runs on a separate protocol called NNTP, though Web interfaces such as Google Groups exist. meteorology. UseNeXT provides fast and secure access to Usenet, a global discussion forum consisting of more than 120,000 newsgroups on every conceivable topic. Newsgroup: A newsgroup is an online discussion forum accessible through Usenet. It is not intended to discuss either EV appropriateness or comparisons with other transportation primary drive modes such as the venerable internal combustion engine. This is where proponents of the group can agree on a name and charter for the new group. These text messages were uploaded into the proper subject category. The name comes from the term "users network". Awareness of Visibility. Usenet: The Outsiders Guide to the Internet’s Oldest Community Art 0 shares 0 comments Anyone who has used the internet for more than five years has heard at least once of this thing spoken of in reverent tones called “ UseNet. anagrams Playing with words. This has provided Usenet with the strong foundation needed to support the technical and educational needs that result from the increasing use of computers in our times. TAF That's All, Folks! That's All, Folks!. Usenet is a worldwide distributed Internet discussion system. Google Groups allows you to create and participate in online forums and email-based groups with a rich experience for community conversations. Binary files include movies, music, software, games, and other large files. Best Usenet Search Engines 2019. BoyLinks The Internet's most comprehensive listing of boy-related and boylove websites. spana: Layanan/Fasilitas Yang Ada di Internet Posted by. Groups are added through a process of nomination, discussion and voting. Usenet is one of the oldest discussion tools for computer networks and predates the World Wide Web by almost a decade. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Usenet: Worldwide Internet Discussion System Usenet is a famous discussion system that is made available in the internet. a figure created with the symbols on a keyboard that is usually read with the head tilted to the left. Godwin's Law is a natural law of Usenet named after Mike Godwin ([email protected] Usenet is a worldwide distributed Internet discussion system. 000+ Discussion Groups. Uuencode took a binary file and encoded it as a series of text files. Usenet is a worldwide distributed discussion system available on computers. What is usenet. Usenet is a distributed network communications system developed specifically for Internet discussions. Discussion about Usenet newsgroups, newsgroup providers, Usenet clients, newsgroup readers, download tools and more. Putting aside Usenet as a relic and artifact of the past, it is rare to find threaded discussions of any kind on the web today; for web discussion communities that are more than ten years old, the vast majority are flat as a pancake. UseNeXT provides fast and secure access to Usenet, a global discussion forum consisting of more than 120,000 newsgroups on every conceivable topic. Usenet is a collection of files distributed via different servers, which can be compared to an internet forum. USENET stock and investment newsgroups provide the community it supports the ability to: • Post messages and read messages by others • Search posts for relevant discussions • Screen the markets and discuss recent activity • Scan sector and industry categories to locate company message boards. Over 700 million newsgroup messages are available. The campus has therefore decided to retire the Usenet news service. nl (in the same way the suppliers to Internet such as Orange and Free cannot control the contents present on Internet). If you want to actively participate in discussions on Usenet: Using your news reader, search through the newsgroups and look for topics that interest you. cond-matter, sci. Way back when (May 24, 1995) I posted a long rec. To search Harley Hahn's Master List of Usenet Newsgroups by keyword, type one or more words in the search box above and click on the GO button. We also make a list of the best USENET newsreaders (some are free and some are a one time fee). Anyone who visits a particular group can take part in its discussion threads, after they have subscribed to that newsgroup, of course (which is a matter. For example, to access a web server, you use a web browser such as Internet Explorer or Firefox. About Gnus; A short Gnus history. USENET is a global community; what you and the people in your local community may consider to be "fair use" and "fair play" are not necessarily shared by your fellow USENET brethren on other parts of this great planet. Password requirements: 6 to 30 characters long; ASCII characters only (characters found on a standard US keyboard); must contain at least 4 different symbols;. Usenet is a warldwide distributit Internet discussion seestem. Download with Google Download with Facebook or download with email. Using the "next Warrior" link navigates through the roster in random sequence. But discussion on Usenet is text based, and other online communication and community-building technologies have come along with more graphical pizzazz. This page was last edited on 19 August 2019, at 11:47. Usenet Newsgroups - Most Gravity usenet discussion is in news. Discussion: This is the first shortwave radio without a tuning knob that I have owned. Starting at 120. kernel, alt. (See also Quaker E-Mail Lists. At these meetings, staff present research and policy options for the Commissioners to discuss. The Commission meets publicly in Washington, DC to discuss Medicare issues and policy questions and to develop and approve reports and recommendations to the Congress. announce Announcements of widespread interest to biologists. You are currently viewing LQ as a guest. NewsTap is a powerful Usenet Newsreader for the iPad, iPhone and the iPod Touch. Almost all of my courses use local USENET news groups, sometimes called discussion groups. Giganews' Usenet Newsgroup hierarchy listing is a directory listing of the text newsgroups available on Giganews' Usenet service. Real Estate Professional's INTERNET GUIDE (David Moninger's excellent list of real estate newsgroups) NOTE: You may not be able to connect with some of the regional newsgroups, depending on your server's capabilities or configuration. This is where proponents of the group can agree on a name and charter for the new group. Meaning of USENET. Formats: The JewishGen Discussion Group is presently available in two formats: as an electronic mailing list (for which you need an e-mail account with any Internet Service Provider). Newsgroup, Internet-based discussion group, similar to a bulletin board system (BBS), where people post messages concerning whatever topic around which the group is organized. In our final chapter, we’ll use what we’ve learned in this book to perform a start-to-finish analysis of a set of 20,000 messages sent to 20 Usenet bulletin boards in 1993. thermal (if you are not familiar with UseNet, see note below) The Hearth Forum at: www. hydrology Surface and groundwater hydrology. The Oracle FAQ does not exercises editorial control over messages posted unless required by law. Usenet is a world-wide distributed discussion system. In our final chapter, we’ll use what we’ve learned in this book to perform a start-to-finish analysis of a set of 20,000 messages sent to 20 Usenet bulletin boards in 1993. 9 Case study: analyzing usenet text. Usenet people like to date the deterioration of discourse back to 1993. se is an internet domain name whose domain name extension and top-level domain is. The Great Renaming of 1987 was organized by B News maintainer Rick Adams. Newsgroups and Usenet, though sometimes confused, are not one in the same. board article from which the following is taken: Denis R. com originated as Dejanews, a site for searching and participating in discussion groups carried on the Internet's Usenet network. Most of us love to eat without paying attention to the amount of cholesterol or preservatives that we take in every meal. necropost (third-person singular simple present necroposts, present participle necroposting, simple past and past participle necroposted) To post to a a long inactive discussion thread (on a forum). One of many places to look for more details is Usenet Software: History and Sources - but you don't need to dig into it to use it. ***Click the time stamps to skip though the opening discussion/monologue*** Opening monologue/Discussion: 0:01. What Is Usenet? Let Us Explain. And Usenet is still growing. Project Management. A forum for discussion of general South Peninsula Schools matters which might be considered "general" and not specifically related to any one school Moderator: Usenet 9. On the Wiki article, it says that Usenet is a "worldwide internet distributed discussion system. This page was last edited on 19 August 2019, at 11:47. Hosting discussion groups on Usenet was cheap and easy. Keith Henson From: [email protected] What is Usenet? Usenet is a worldwide network that pre-dates the Internet. join group. Au mois d'octobre 2014 cette hiérarchie compte 311 forums. - February 12, 2001 - Google Inc. You may find people shamelessly self promoting themselves, such as a post by the latest indy underground band in Seattle looking to gain exposure. It was developed from the general purpose UUCP dial-up network architecture. eos NASA's Earth Observation System (EOS). Password requirements: 6 to 30 characters long; ASCII characters only (characters found on a standard US keyboard); must contain at least 4 different symbols;. behavior’, and vice versa. If you're only interested in using Usenet to read posts or join discussion groups, you won't need an indexer. usenet discussion groups usenet dgs. Experience All That Usenet Has To Offer. OpenUsenet Welcome to OpenUsenet. today announced that is has acquired Deja. Usenet & The Future of Anonymity [Lance Henderson] on Amazon. research, sci. An advantage of USENET newsgroups is that it is much easier to have an in-depth discussion with multiple participants, as newsreaders automatically quote text from multiple parties in the order the conversation occurred, rolling the. Each Usenet server stores the message for a certain period, but the data is not stored in a single location. Usenet, which originated independently of the Internet, is a system for exchanging messages called articles arranged according to specific categories called newsgroups. Free VPN and SSL Connection. agroforestry Discussion of Agroforestry. Established in 1980 it is one of the oldest forms of computer network communications still actively used today. They expect evidence of existing Usenet discussion of the topic your proposed group will cater for. Usenet Newsgroups If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. We also make a list of the best USENET newsreaders (some are free and some are a one time fee). ALT newsgroups are accessible through Usenet, a large network where participants can download the newsgroup they want. Usenet was originally a discussion board, or something similar to it. The CCA Collins discussion ([email protected] Newsgroups and Usenet, though sometimes confused, are not one in the same. There are several newsgroups about MUD's that are useful for obtaining the latest information, and to post questions and obtain answers that you can't find elsewhere. You use Usenet news for the same reasons you use a discussion group-to exchange or read information dealing with specific topics. If you're reading this, you're probably more interested in the latter. To access a Usenet server, you use a Usenet browser like SuperNZB or ezGroups. Or you can just. com's Usenet Discussion Service. The Usenet concept was developed by the two students Tom Truscott and Jim Ellis in 1979. Right now there are well over 14,000 defined newsgroups (aka discussion forums), with about 800 that are truly active. Usenet was originally established in 1980 by Tom Truscott and Jim Ellis. Through the software, users can join discussions, read and post comments in the Usenet newsgroups; and gain access to thousands of files shared over the network, by users from all. All Usenet content is "NetNews," and a running collection of messages about a subject is a "newsgroup. You can browse newsgroups and post or reply to topics using a newsreader program. worldwide distributed Internet discussion system. Usenet is a worldwide system for Internet discussion that consists of a set of newsgroups that are organized by subject. Please enter your E-Mail address here. Meeting agendas and briefs are usually posted one week before. In order to work with Usenet, that user ID must not contain any spaces. Here is a chart showing average daily traffic for the last 15 years: Wow, right? So, how is this happening? While the web has eclipsed Usenet when it comes to discussions, binary traffic has more than made up for the loss. The network is built in a hierarchical fashion where each step within the hierarchy corresponds to a particular topic, or newsgroups. I know how to read Usenet and I use a news server that I am happy with. Most of the software have special facilities designed to handle binary files (pictures, music files, video files) found on some newsgroups, including the ability to decode them, automatically handle multi-part posts, save the files, automatically resume download of a. It developed from the general purpose UUCP architecture of the same name. What exactly is Usenet and how does it provide these things? A bit of history is in order. Then select the desired newsgroup and download the current. hydrology Surface and groundwater hydrology. Or, more precisely, it is a step by step guide to beating a Troll at their own game. Starting at 120. Usenet Discussion Groups: Geology sci. Used to convey the spirit in which a line of text was typed. Mae Usenet yn ymdebygu i system bwrdd bwletin (BBS) mewn sawl agwedd ac yn un o rhagflaenwyr y fforymau rhyngrwyd a ddefnyddir yn helaeth heddiw. org) concerning Usenet "discussions". For discussion of the battlefield land, post battle issues and anything not directly related to the battle proper. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: